That is about 8. And I don't think many would take that exchange, since the US dollar is now trading at about Much ado about not too much I am afraid. The Central Bank of Russia has issued three values of bullion , Neglinnaya, 12, tel. Investment silver coin of 3 Rubles fine metal content On the front and back of the coin is raised.
The obverse of the coin features the relief of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, there are inscriptions in two lines at the top of "the Russian Federation", below face value coins - "RR 3" and the year of issue - "", indicate the metal in the periodic table of elements D. Mendeleev, fineness, the mint trademark and the fine metal content He has great experience shooting himself in the foot.
This book is essential reading for all of us who want to understand America today, or why average Americans are struggling to keep afloat. I don't think they are, except perhaps here and there. And that is to be expected. People go mad in crowds, but come back to their senses one at a time.
If anything contrary to prevailing opinion is revealed, most people run away rom it as quickly as possible, and bury their noses in some reality show, or a safely doctrinaire 'news channel' that comforts them, even if what it says is widely divergent from what is really happening. It is no wonder reformers and progressives can become discouraged.
It is a nice overview of the financialization process, and how the economic hitmen, who had ravaged the Third World, started coming home. Of course I do not necessarily agree with everything in it. But the things he says make some real sense, and provide a balance to the prevailing economic mythos, and some would say propaganda, that comes out of the mainstream media in support of the financialization process.
The acquisition of power soon leads to its abuse, to economic and social hubris.
By seeking to protect its gains, perpetuate itself and make its wealth hereditary, power elites lock in their position in ways that exclude and injure those below. Turning government into an oligarchy, the wealthy indebt and shift the tax burden onto the less powerful. It is an ancient tale. The Greeks got matters right in seeing how power leads to hubris, bringing about its own downfall. Hubris is the addiction to wealth and power, an arrogant over-reaching that involves injury to others.
By impoverishing economies it destroys the source of profits, interest, capital gains, and even recovery of the original savings and debt principal.
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This abusive character of wealth and power is not what mainstream economic models describe. That is why economic theory is broken.
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The concept of diminishing marginal utility implies that the rich will become more satiated as they become wealthier, and hence less addicted to power. This idea of progressive satiation returns gets the direction of change wrong, denying the basic thrust of the past ten thousand years of human technology and civilization. The intellectual result is a parallel universe, whose criterion for economic excellence is merely the internal consistency of its abstract assumptions, not their realism.
They are leading organizers of the World Economic Association, which emerged from the Post-Autistic-Economic movement intended to provide an alternative to mainstream neoclassical and neoliberal economics. Toward this end they provide a wealth of references tracing how economics was turned into a propaganda exercise for financiers, landlords, monopolists, insiders, fraudsters and other rent-seeking predators whom classical economists sought to tax and regulate out of existence. The authors provide an antidote to this tunnel vision by pointing to the real invisible hands at work: insider dealing, anti-labor and anti-union maneuvering, and outright looting and fraud.
Criticizing the textbook theory of the firm, they point out that that most production has increasing returns. Unit costs fall as fixed capital investment is spread over more output. As a producer with nearly zero marginal cost, for instance, Microsoft obtains a rising intellectual property rent on each program sold. On an economy-wide level, raising the minimum wage would enable most firms to benefit from increasing returns, by increasing demand.
Firms use political leverage to make sure that anti-labor referees are appointed to the courts and arenas that arbitrate disputes about employment, working conditions and firing. Capital-intensive industries outsource low-skill jobs to small-scale providers using non-union labor. Privatizing public utilities also aims largely at breaking labor union power. Marginalist supply and demand theory implies that each additional worker that is hired increases wage rates, prompting business to oppose full employment policies in order to keep wages low, even though this limits the market for their output.
These cost increases are headed by debt charges for leveraged buyouts and corporate raiding, plus CEO salaries, bonuses and stock options. Labor also faces high costs of living as a result of the soaring mortgage debt taken on to obtain housing, student loan debt to obtain an education as a precondition for middle-class employment, and credit-card debt to maintain consumption standards, and rising wage withholding for Social Security and Medicare as taxes become regressive. This personal debt service including housing costs and various taxes absorb more than two-thirds of the typical paycheck.
At the corporate level, financial engineering is more about raising stock prices than new tangible capital investment. Managers maximize the value of these options by spending corporate revenue on stock buy-backs instead of new direct investment to expand their business. Even worse, companies borrow to buy their stock or even to pay out as dividends to bid up its price. It also turns out to be anti-labor, as loading companies down with debt enables corporate raiders use the threat of bankruptcy to demand pension downgrades and wage givebacks. The problem with financial planning is its short hit-and-run time frame aiming at extracting income rather than taking the time to invest in new production and develop markets.
Debt leveraging is encouraged by taxing asset-price gains at much lower rates than earnings wages and profits , and permitting interest to be tax-deductible. This fiscal subsidy is by no means an inherent feature of markets. Neoliberal doctrine demonizes government as the only power able to regulate and tax unearned income and prosecute fraud. This strategy is capped by the power to censor. The misleading and deceptive depiction of the economy drawn by financiers, real estate speculators and monopolists is careful to conceal their own behavior from sight.
The starting point is to distract the public from noticing and hence regulating or taxing the real-world power structures at work. They prefer to make themselves invisible, above all the financial power to indebt the economy. It is by financial means, after all, that finance has shifted economic planning out of the hands of government to Wall Street and similar banking centers abroad. The prime directive is to depict financial planning as better than that of public agencies. They focus on domestic power rather than spelling out the international dimension of how economic power is wielded.
The IMF, U. Government and European Union bureaucracy wield foreign-debt leverage to impose the neoliberal Washington Consensus.
But I can understand that the authors evidently decided that they had to draw the line between economics and its military tactic somewhere, focusing on the economic core itself. Finance has become the modern mode of warfare. It is cheaper to seize land by foreclosure rather than armed occupation, and to obtain rights to mineral wealth and public infrastructure by hooking governments and economies on debt than by invading them. After indebting countries, creditors lobby to privatize natural monopolies and create new monopoly rights for themselves From Money Printing and Central Bank Balance sheets to Japan and the psychology of the current situation - which in many cases trumps the quantitative data - the question remains, "when will this unravel" as opposed to "if?
Must watch there's no football or X-Factor on tonight. Make sure to stay tuned to the last 2 minutes when Kyle succinctly sums up our society These five charts sum up the age, size, geography, and power of the world's major religions. So it's funny to see "devout" governments enforcing strict interpretations of Sharia law on their citizenry, yet using banking practices that are as opposite to Qu'ranic teachings as violence is to Jesus.go here
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You may even be surprised that many of the things people like to trash Islam about were also in Christianity. And of course, it is equally hilarious to see "Christian" governments killing every. And the only government on record to have used nuclear weapons, on civilians, in war. But of course, Islam isn't the religion of peace either. Ich wollte nur hinweisen.
Noch Fragen? Haben die Zungen wohl recht?
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Sieht so aus, als nehmen die Klientele am Therapieprogramm teil. Ob sie auch ihre Medikamente nehmen? Sie sind die einzigen wahren Nutzniesser dieser Odysee! Zum vierten Mal lockerte die Zentralbank damit ihre Geldpolitik. Dieser Irrsinn wird von den USA immer weiter vorran getrieben.
Kennedy, John F.
Bern wehrt sich. Die EU profitiert mehr von uns als wir von ihnen. Die EU vereinnahmt die Schweiz immer mehr und behandelt uns wie "Torebuebe"! Die Geschichte ist voll mit solchen Parallelen! Peter Jodel - Uhr Muss das erst noch bewiesen werden? Die EU ist nicht arm an Demokratie, sie ist genau genommen anti-demokratisch.
Niemand verhandelt gerne mit einem Haufen bankrotter Hazardeure. Der Teamgeist des Wassermannzeitalters wird sich nicht nur in Forschung und Wissenschaft innovativ auswirken, der neue Zeitgeist wird auch die Menschheit erfassen. Es schafft die Basis, um die Probleme der Menschheit weltweit gemeinsam anzugehen.
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